- (1564-1616)It is believed that he was born on 23 April which was also the date of his death-the son of a trader and leading citizen of Stratford Upon Avon, Warwickshire. He had a sound education at the local grammar school, where he would have studied Latin, as well as some of the classical historians, moralists, and poets. By the early 1590s he was making a name for himself in London as poet, playwright and actor. His first success was Richard III, 1592-93, and he went on to write over forty plays, as well as sonnets and many other poems; The Tempest (1611) is considered to be his last play. He was a leading member of the Chamberlain's Men theatrical company and owned a share in the Globe Theatre, built in 1599 on London's Bankside and destroyed by fire in 1613. He retired to Stratford, where he died and was buried in Holy Trinity Church. He is memorialized by a monument in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Some of his other publications: Lvcrece, 1594. Venus and Adonis, 1594. The Passionate Pilgrim, 1599. The Phoenix and the Turtle, 1601. Sonnets, 1609.Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Encyclopedia of Britain. Bamber Gascoigne. London: Macmillan, 1994. Moods of the Sea: Masterworks of Sea Poetry. George C. Solley and Eric Steinbaugh, eds. Naval Institute Press, 1981. Poetry for Pleasure: A Choice of Poetry and Verse on a Variety of Themes. Ian Parsons, ed. W.W. Norton, 1977. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Faber Book of Political Verse. Tom Paulin, ed. Faber and Faber, 1986. The Oxford Anthology of English Poetry, Vol. I: Spenser to Crabbe. John Wain, ed. Oxford University Press, 1990. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).
British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. William Stewart. 2015.
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SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM° — (1564–1616), English playwright and poet. The Merchant of Venice (1596) has been claimed as the play in which Shakespeare found himself in the fullest sense. As with other major comedies of his so called second period, the main emphasis was to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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Shakespeare, William — (baptized April 26, 1564, Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire, Eng. died April 23, 1616, Stratford upon Avon) British poet and playwright, often considered the greatest writer in world literature. He spent his early life in Stratford upon Avon,… … Universalium
SHAKESPEARE, William — (1564 1616) William Shakespeare was one of early modern England s most successful and celebrated playwrights, and since the eighteenth century he has often been regarded as England s, perhaps the modern world s, greatest writer. There is… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Shakespeare, William — (1564 1616) England s greatest drama tist. The son of a successful merchant and alderman of Stratford on Avon, he was educated in the excellent local school and learned enough Latin to become familiar with many classical authors, but he never… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Shakespeare, William — (1564 1616) Dramatist and poet, b. at Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire, on 22nd or 23rd, and baptised on 26th April, 1564. On his father s side he belonged to a good yeoman stock, though his descent cannot be certainly traced beyond his… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Shakespeare, William — (1564 1616) Playwright. Shakespeare s significance in the German theater has been and remains unique; many have gone so far as to argue that Shakespeare is a national playwright whose status equals that of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Johann… … Historical dictionary of German Theatre
SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM — great world poet and dramatist, born in Stratford on Avon, in Warwickshire; his father, John Shakespeare, a respected burgess; his mother, Mary Arden, the daughter of a well to do farmer, through whom the family acquired some property; was at… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Shakespeare, William — (1564–1616) English playwright and poet. Shakespeare made a Jew a leading character in one of his plays, The Merchant of Venice, which was produced in 1597– 8. This may have been prompted by the success of Marlowe’s Jew of Malta. The Jew in… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Shakespeare, William — ► (1564 1616) Poeta y autor dramático inglés. Pintó con verdad emocionante y gran energía todos los sentimientos y todas las pasiones, con la potente libertad del genio. Su producción se divide en los siguientes géneros: comedias, como El sueño… … Enciclopedia Universal
Shakespeare, William — See Henry VI, Part 1; Henry VI, Part 2; Henry VI, Part 3; Richard III; Shakespeare and the Wars of the Roses … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses