Shakespeare, William

(1564-1616)
   It is believed that he was born on 23 April which was also the date of his death-the son of a trader and leading citizen of Stratford Upon Avon, Warwickshire. He had a sound education at the local grammar school, where he would have studied Latin, as well as some of the classical historians, moralists, and poets. By the early 1590s he was making a name for himself in London as poet, playwright and actor. His first success was Richard III, 1592-93, and he went on to write over forty plays, as well as sonnets and many other poems; The Tempest (1611) is considered to be his last play. He was a leading member of the Chamberlain's Men theatrical company and owned a share in the Globe Theatre, built in 1599 on London's Bankside and destroyed by fire in 1613. He retired to Stratford, where he died and was buried in Holy Trinity Church. He is memorialized by a monument in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Some of his other publications: Lvcrece, 1594. Venus and Adonis, 1594. The Passionate Pilgrim, 1599. The Phoenix and the Turtle, 1601. Sonnets, 1609.
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Encyclopedia of Britain. Bamber Gascoigne. London: Macmillan, 1994. Moods of the Sea: Masterworks of Sea Poetry. George C. Solley and Eric Steinbaugh, eds. Naval Institute Press, 1981. Poetry for Pleasure: A Choice of Poetry and Verse on a Variety of Themes. Ian Parsons, ed. W.W. Norton, 1977. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Faber Book of Political Verse. Tom Paulin, ed. Faber and Faber, 1986. The Oxford Anthology of English Poetry, Vol. I: Spenser to Crabbe. John Wain, ed. Oxford University Press, 1990. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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